People in the intermediate familial subtype often have co-occurring mental health problems, such as clinical depression or bipolar disorder.
These mental health conditions have a genetic component as well.
Chronic Severe Subtype
In most cases, chronic severe subtype is the most damaging subtype compared to the different types of alcoholics.
Someone who is in the chronic severe subtype will often drink excessively daily.
Someone who falls under this type of alcoholic is likely to have many physical and lifestyle factors destroyed as a result. Unfortunately, they continue to drink.
Physical dependence is prominent in the severe chronic subtype.
This means that if someone tries to change their drinking patterns, they will likely experience intense withdrawal symptoms.
Around 80% of people in the severe chronic subtype have a familial and genetic alcoholism link.
Someone in this category is also more likely to abuse other drugs too.
If you are concerned about your drinking patterns or someone else’s drinking habits, the below questions are ones you may want to ask yourself or your loved one to determine if there is a problem or not.
Do you have a problem stopping drinking once you start?
Do you lose control when you start drinking?
Do you want to stop drinking but find that you aren’t able to?
Do you have cravings for alcohol?
Do you keep using alcohol even though it’s causing problems in relationships?
Do you ever give up activities to drink instead?
Do you drink when it’s risky to do so?
Do you need alcohol to feel “normal?”
Help for Different Types of Alcoholics?
If you recognize the signs or symptoms of alcoholism either in yourself or someone you care about, treatment options are available.
The type of treatment you may benefit most from can depend on the category you fall into.
For example, if you’re a functional alcoholic, outpatient treatment may work well for you. This would allow you to continue living and working as normal but receive treatment at the same time.
For someone who is a chronic severe alcoholic, treatment would likely need to be much more intensive.
Treatment might include a supervised medical detox to deal with dangerous withdrawal symptoms.
Then, someone who is a chronic severe alcoholic might start an inpatient program.
Following inpatient treatment, they could live in a sober living house and begin their relapse prevention plan.
Paying for Treatment
If someone is an alcoholic, they should seek treatment sooner rather than later.
Alcoholism of any kind is a progressing, chronic illness.