Cocaine Addiction

Crack cocaine is a hand made mixture created from cocaine and other elements. The mixture is heated with a lighter or torch and from this comes to crack cocaine. This drug can be consumed in a variety of ways and is extremely potent. As a result of mixing an already addictive drug like cocaine with other elements, the result is an even more powerful substance. Crack cocaine addictions are not uncommon with those who commonly use this substance. 

The name ‘crack’ cocaine originates from the cracking or popping noise the substance makes when heated. As with all other illegal substances that are abused, crack cocaine has several short-term and long-term effects on the user. Its effects can begin to deteriorate a person’s health and mind if an individual doesn’t receive treatment. Crack cocaine addiction can be brutal and very tough to quit alone. 

In cases of crack cocaine addiction, professional-quality treatment is required for recovery.  Crack cocaine can affect the mind and change how you think about the drug and the world around you. This makes quitting extremely tough. Luckily, with the help of our team here at North Jersey Recovery Center, we can help you revert back to a healthy and clean body and mind. While crack cocaine addictions can feel hopeless, it is never too late to get help and quality treatment. 

A Closer Look at Crack Cocaine

Cocaine is a potent and highly abused substance on its own and only becomes more problematic when it is used to create crack cocaine. Crack cocaine is cocaine that is dissolved in water/baking soda and is then boiled and cooled. After, this substance is cut into small rocks and then snorted or smoked. Crack is highly potent and is much deadlier than typical cocaine. 

Typically, individuals who use crack cocaine either snort or inject it to feel the euphoric high it gives off. However, due to the combination of crack cocaine, the chemicals reach the brain way faster than standard powdered cocaine. While the high someone gets from crack cocaine is much shorter (around 15 minutes), it is much more intense and powerful. This, unfortunately, leads many to take multiple ‘hits’ to achieve that same high again and again. 

Crack Cocaine’s Effects 

The brain’s dopamine system is directly impacted almost immediately, sometimes taking just one hit to achieve a pleasurable ‘high’. This creates a strong urge to continue using crack cocaine to feel that same pleasure again. With continued use, a person will most likely develop a crack cocaine addiction before they know it. Crack cocaine goes by many different names, these include – crack, black rock, candy, cookies, gravel, rocks, hard candy, sleet, and nuggets among others. 

The short term effects of crack cocaine when smoked or inject include:

  • Tension
  • Hyperactivity
  • Overconfidence
  • Extreme talkativeness/energy

Signs of Crack Cocaine Addiction and Abuse

As with other drugs that are highly potent, crack cocaine users usually exhibit a number of specific and erratic behaviors. One of the main indicators that someone is abusing crack cocaine is excessive and uncharacteristic surges of energy. Behavior that is much more than normal excitement.

A person under the influence of crack cocaine may speak rapidly, eat extremely quickly, or be agitated. After using this drug for a long period of time, the user will be hit with a wave of fatigue. This can be so intense they will fall asleep on the spot and will sleep up to days on end. 


These back and forth switches of exhaustion and extreme energy can be hard to deal with on a daily basis. Constantly abusing crack cocaine can destroy a person’s sleeping patterns. This results in a worsened performance at school and at work. In the case of most drug addictions, a person will eventually begin to ignore their responsibilities and obligations. These signs can cause drastic shifts in a person’s behavior. Some of the signs that someone is using crack cocaine addiction include:

  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Increased hyperactivity
  • Violent or risky behavior
  • Unpredictable mood swings
  • Paranoia and hallucinations
  • Ignoring personal responsibilities and obligations

Additionally, abusing crack cocaine can also lead to involuntary tremors (jittering). So much so that they may not be able to control the shaking, even if they aren’t taking it. This is just one of many negative health effects crack cocaine can have on the body and mind. Perhaps the clearest way of spotting a crack cocaine addiction is a person seeking the drug. More specifically, when a person has an urge to continue using even if it is causing massive troubles in their life. 

Withdrawal Symptoms of Crack Cocaine Addiction 

When someone has developed a physical dependence on a drug, they will experience moderate to severe withdrawal symptoms when not using. Crack cocaine withdrawal symptoms can be problematic because the person will experience them only shortly after using. Since the effects of crack cocaine are extremely short-lived, it doesn’t take long for cravings and withdrawals to set in. Common withdrawal symptoms of crack cocaine include:

  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Restlessness
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Increase in appetite
  • Depressive mood swings

Some of these withdrawal symptoms can last up to a month or more when a person quits using crack cocaine. Some of the more problematic withdrawals like anxiety can last for months on end after taking the last dose. Suicidal thoughts can begin to stem from these withdrawal symptoms and begin to worsen.

This is why quitting alone is not the best idea. While taking the first step towards getting clean is essential, doing it alone can lead to unnecessary risks and dangers. This is why it is important to rely on rehab centers like North Jersey Recovery Center for guidance and safe treatment. 

Crack Cocaine Addiction Treatment Options

Crack cocaine addictions can be brutal and harsh to combat. This is why it is recommended to reach out for professional help to make the journey smoother and achievable. It is never too late to look for options and no matter how bad things may seem, there is still light at the end of the tunnel. Relying on professional and comprehensive treatment at NJRC is the best option for recovery. There are several different options of treatment, some may work better than others in you or a loved one’s case.


Getting treatment for crack cocaine addiction typically involves a mix of therapy, detox, and medication (in some cases). With these treatment options, a person can begin to overcome the withdrawal of cocaine while changing their negative state of mind (addiction). New Jersey Recovery offers many different types of treatment options for you or a loved one in need. 

Inpatient Treatment

Also called residential treatment, inpatient treatment is one of the most widely used forms of addiction treatment for crack cocaine cases. Inpatient treatment is a method where a person gets full treatment and lives in a rehab facility (for a few months). Residential treatment usually begins with a detox (which rids the body of a substance and helps with the withdrawal symptoms). This is done multiple hours after the final use of crack cocaine. While the withdrawal symptoms may be painful or stressful, this is only temporary. Additionally, our staff will be by your side the whole way through.  

After the withdrawal symptoms have been tamed, a person can move onto therapy and counseling with our passionate team. Each treatment method is designed with you or your loved one in mind. Throughout your stay, you’ll have access to all our facility’s resources as well as professional help at any moment (24/7 surveillance).

Inpatient treatment creates a drug and distraction-free zone where you can safely recover and heal. Inpatient treatment usually lasts a few months and is the recommended treatment method for crack cocaine addictions. 

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment is recommended for milder cases of addiction. This type of treatment lets a person live out their life back at home while still getting treatment. Instead of staying in a facility for a few months, they instead only attend weekly therapy sessions. Therapy is used in almost every type of treatment. Therapy includes:

While outpatient treatment adds an extra level of convenience and freedom, it is not recommended for intense cases of addiction. Crack cocaine addiction treatment can be unpredictable at times. This is why having professional aid at a moment’s notice can be beneficial. However, outpatient treatment can be an option in some cases. 

Start Your Journey to Recovery at NJRC

New Jersey Recovery Center is ready to help you break free from addiction. Crack cocaine addictions can be especially dangerous and consuming. People’s entire lives can be destroyed if this addiction is left untreated. It’s important to get effective and trusted help from qualified professionals. Our team will be by your side from the start to the end of your recovery journey. Don’t wait to get help. Contact us today to learn more about our personalized treatment options and if you have any questions.

Reviewed for Medical & Clinical Accuracy by Laura Riley

Laura-Riley-Cropped-Profile-150x150Laura Riley, MA, LCADC, CCS is an Administrator with North Jersey Recovery Center.